Dating in the mongoloid tent

Derived from a tree of the same name, frankincense is a resin used to make incense, which the Egyptians coveted for temple rituals; frankincense was the most prized commodity from Punt.

Sahure’s expedition also brought back 23,030 staves – wood being precious to a desert country like Egypt – and 6,000 measures of The Egyptians called the Land of Punt Ta Natjer.

Trading missions of the 12th dynasty pharaohs Senusret I, Amenemhat II and Amenemhat IV had also successfully navigated their way to and from the mysterious land of Punt.

In the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt, Hatshepsut built a Red Sea fleet to facilitate trade between the head of the Gulf of Aqaba and points south as far as Punt to bring mortuary goods to Karnak in exchange for Nubian gold.

Hatshepsut personally made the most famous ancient Egyptian expedition that sailed to Punt.

During the reign of Queen Hatshepsut in the 15th century BC, ships regularly crossed the Red Sea in order to obtain bitumen, copper, carved amulets, naptha and other goods transported overland and down the Dead Sea to Elat at the head of the gulf of Aqaba where they were joined with frankincense and incense coming north both by sea and overland along trade routes through the mountains running north along the east coast of the Red Sea.

The debate goes on as to where Punt was located, with scholars and historians on every side offering plausible supports for their claims.

• Introduction • Egyptian Expeditions to the Land of Punt • Queen Hatshepsut Expedition - The Temple of Deir el-Bahari - Archaeological Discoveries - Wall-sculptures on Middle Colonnade • Existing Location Hypotheses of Punt • Sumatera Hypothesis of Punt - Sumatera Island - Enggano Island - Supporting Evidence - Location Hypothesis The Land of Punt, also called Pwenet or Pwene by the ancient Egyptians, was a trading partner of Egypt, it was known for producing and exporting gold, incense, aromatic resins, ebony, ivory, tortoise shells and wild animals.

Some biblical scholars have identified it with the biblical land of Put.

The name could also refer to the superior wood imported from Punt, which went into the building of Egyptian temples and to the frankincense and other aromatic incense brought from Punt that were used extensively in religious rituals of the ancient Egyptians.

Older literature (and current non-mainstream literature) maintained that the label “Land of God”, when interpreted as “holy land” or “land of the gods/ancestors” or “divine land”, meant that the ancient Egyptians viewed the Land of Punt as their ancestral homeland.

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